Binangonan, officially the Municipality of
Binangonan, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Binangonan), is a 1st class municipality in the province
of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 282,474 people.A
thriving fish port and fishing industry is found in Binangonan, having a long coast line
facing the Laguna de Bay, including the western part of Talim Island. The plant of Rizal Cement
and Grandspan are in Binangonan as well. Their main livelihood are fishing and farming.
With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now part of Manila’s conurbation
which reaches Cardona in its easternmost part.==Barangays==
Binangonan is politically subdivided into 40 barangays, of which 23 are on the mainland
and 17 are island barangays.==History==
It is claimed that the binañgonan means “the first town established along the lake”,
in reference to a legend that tells of how the towns around Laguna de Baý were named.
More likely however is that binañgonan refers to a place from where someone or something
rose, which is precisely what binangunan in Filipino means.
A first class municipality, Binangonan lies between the foothills of Sierra Madre and
the shores of Laguna de Bay. It is composed of 23 mainland and 17 island barangays.
This town was separated and became an independent parish in 1621 through the initiatives of
the Franciscan missionaries. The town was established in 1737 and conquered by the Spaniards
in 1763. It became a town in 1900 during the American colonial period. Binangonan’s major
historical landmark is the 200-year-old Santa Ursula Parish, located at the heart of the
town. Binangonan is a major supplier of freshwater
fishes from Laguna de Bay like dulong, ayungin, biya, kanduli, and gurami to Metro Manila,
Laguna, Cavite and Batangas. Through the initiative of then Congressman,
Gilberto M. Duavit, bestowed most of his Congressional funds for education and related structural
facilities with the support of then Gov. Casimiro M. Ynares Jr., former Mayor Cesar M. Ynares
and incumbent Mayor Boyet M. Ynares, Binangonan obtained the title as “The Education Center
of Rizal.” This recognition was achieved by the existence of Rizal National Science
High School, the University of Rizal System, and the Technical Education Skills Development
Authority (TESDA) center, educational institutions that secure and offer quality education to
Rizal’s inhabitants where even the less fortunate can achieve quality education including
technical and vocational knowledge. Binangonan’s major source of income comes
from agriculture, where 49 percent of its total land area are devoted to agriculture
and livestock industries, while the source of income of residents in its coastal barangays
are mainly fishing and aquaculture industry. Other sources of income come from manufacturing,
commercial establishments, real estate, and public utility services.===Japanese occupation===
During World War II, Binangonan was one of the evacuation centers for the residents of
Manila and neighboring suburbs. People hid in the mountains and in Talim Island. The
war brought untold difficulties and sufferings. Schools were temporarily closed; professionals
turned to fishing, buy and sell for living. Many died of starvation, malnutrition and
diseases while others survived by eating camote tops, papaya, corn, coconut and vegetables.
Several people were killed when the Japanese machine- gunned the Rizal Cement Factory.
Months after the Japanese occupied the town, Faustino Antiporda organized Bantay Sunog,
a brigade tasked in maintaining peace and order by providing volunteer males as nightly
guards against looters and trouble makers. At that time, Col. Augustin Marking was recruiting
members for his guerrilla unit. Thus, the brigade became the local guerillas secretly
affiliated with Marking’s group. Major Teofilo Cenido was appointed mayor of
the provost marshal of military police. Weapons available then were one Springfield Rifle
and five Granadora from five USAFFE soldiers who escaped from Bataan.
In 1942, Japanese troop, guided by two Filipinas, landed in Matikiw and inspected the Rizal
Cement Factory. Resisting local guerillas were killed by the invaders. Filipino reinforcement
retaliated by wiping out the entire Japanese troop. Dead soldiers, initially buried in
the factory, were dug up and fed to the kiln. Even Japanese vessels were sunk in the lake
to hide the massacre. Because of this, the Japanese held sona or
the screening of all males in the town. The Japanese Kempetai punished suspected guerillas.
In spite of the brutal torture inflicted on them, the Filipinos did not betray the guerrilla
organization. Talim Island was also subjected to Japanese
sona. On August 7, 1942, bombs were dropped in the neighboring towns killing four in Janosa
and claiming a number of casualties in Cardona. Suspected guerillas were brought to Santa
Cruz, Laguna. Even the parish priest at that time, a Columbian Fr. Martin Strong, was held
in Los Banos concentration camp. Late in 1944, the Makapilis identified mostly
as Kapampangan’s, a group of pro-Japanese Filipinos, occupied the convent and served
as Japanese interpreters. They were instruments in the cruelties suffered by the Filipinos.
In January 1945, the Japanese took the convent from the Makapilis and put up their headquarters.
But they only stayed there for one week, scared of the nightly apparitions of a white lady
believed to be the ghost haunting the convent. Mayor Emerenciano Unida was killed by the
Japanese when he refused to reveal the guerrilla organization.
When Filipino troops of the 4th and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army
and 4th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary was liberated and entering in
Binangonan on 1945 with the recognized guerrillas of the Col Marking’s guerrillas and ROTC Hunter
guerillas to defeated and attacking Japanese Imperial forces and ended in World War II
under the Japanese Occupation.===Period of independence===
Binangonan was liberated from the Japanese forces on February 25, 1945, the feast day
of the patroness of the town, Santa Ursula. The Japanese’ plan to burn the town was prevented
by the timely arrival of combined American and Philippine Commonwealth army forces on
the eve of the feast day. The local guerillas, with Major Ceñido deploying his men in Bunot
Mountain, prevented the escape of Japanese forces. The Japanese peacefully retreated
and pulled their forces out. The liberation was quite peaceful for no fighting
ever took place. It was also a glorious celebration as barrio folks rode on top of tanks and jeepneys
with the soldiers of the combined Filipinos and Americans. People lined along the streets,
jumping with glee, weeping tears of joy while shouting “Victory”.
The American and Filipino military commander instructed the guerillas led by Major Ceñido
to set up temporary headquarters in poblacion and to do surveillance work. When the combined
Filipino and American troops proceeded to Angono, they left the command under the local
Military Police, composed of all units in Binangonan.
Napoleon Antazo, the town commander of the ROTC Hunter guerillas, was appointed mayor
through the orders of the 43rd Infantry Division of the U.S. Army and the 4th and 42nd Infantry
Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army. Next to be appointed town mayor from 1945
to 1946 was Casimiro Ynares Sr., son of Don Jose Ynares. When the Philippines became a
Republic in 1946, the municipal government was allowed greater autonomy.===Post-war accomplishments 1946-1951===
The first mayor after World War II was Dr. Jose Pacis. Among his accomplishments were
as follows. Construction of wharf linking the Muella de
Santa Ursula to Pritil. Construction of a modern public market, a
self-liquidating project funded by the Rehabilitation Finance Corporation.
Construction of combined basketball courts and tennis courts in the town’s plaza.
Beautification of the Kalbaryo. Additional artesian wells.
Construction of a new street extending from Munting Bundok to M. H. del Pilar Street,
the only one in eastern Rizal at that time, which was completed with the P25,000.00 funds
donated by ex-Senator Vicente Madrigal to Mayor Jose Pacis.===Cityhood===
As early as January 18, 2016, the town’s Sangguniang Bayan approved Resolution No.
78, Series of 2016 requesting the Senate of the Philippines thru its president Franklin
Drilon and the House of Representatives thru its speaker Feliciano Belmonte Jr. to co-sponsor
a bill for Binangonan’s conversion into a city and creation of a lone legislative
district.==Demographics==In the 2015 census, the population of Binangonan,
was 282,474 people, with a density of 4,300 inhabitants per square kilometre or 11,000
inhabitants per square mile.==Economy==
Binangonan’s economy remained docile for almost four decades, subsisting only with fair performance
in the aquaculture and agricultural ventures with no new developments in-place to create
job opportunities in the commercial sector. Tourism industry’s growth remains to be seen
in the long-term. Industries relative interests to the town has to be developed and the corresponding
infrastructure must be funded and implemented accordingly to create and sustain future development.
Overall expectations to encourage investment must be prioritized rather than enticing the
growth of informal settlers (squatters) in the area which was perceived by many to be
more of strategic political undertakings. The present administration under the leadership
of Cecilio M. Ynares elected during May 2017 and has served for three (3) years consecutively
focuses on the economic development of the municipality. The tourist spots in Binangonan
namely as follows East Ridge Golf and Country Club, Thunderbird Resorts, Talim Island, Mount
Tagapo, Vicente Manansala Shrine, Santa Ursula Parish Church, Ang Kalbaryo,Marian Hill, Tabon
and Binangonan Recreation and Conference Center attracts tourists and business people to invest
in the municipality. The current mayor has been supported to uplift the well-being of
the Binangonanons.==Mayors of Binangonan==Casimiro Ynares Sr. was elected mayor and
served from 1952 to 1956. Other officials were Vice Mayor Pedro Fineza, Councilors Bonifacio
Gahol, Policarpio Aralar, Aniano Bautista, Bonifacio Capre, Antonio Antiporda and Alfredo
Bonifacio. Dr. Jose Pacis was the mayor for two consecutive
terms. Antonio Antiporda was the vice mayor while the reelected councilors were Mariano
Cervo, Francisco Matematico and Romulo de los Reyes. Newly elected councilors were Zoilo
Estacio, Monico Tirana, Graciano Plegaria, and Lucio Cenina. During Pacis’ term, a
resolution specifying the construction of new municipal building in Calumpang was approved.
Pedro Fineza was elected mayor in 1963. Under his banner, Vice Mayor Zoilo Estacio and eight
councilors also won. The same line up made a clean sweep of the elections that followed.
A lone opposition, Reynaldo Aralar, joined the council.
Casimiro Ynares Jr. was the youngest mayor, elected in 1971, whose election was deemed
controversial (the first in the history of the town) for the contested twelve (12) votes
edge over his opponent, Pedro Fineza, the re-election candidate and incumbent mayor
at that time. Other officers were Vice Mayor Zoilo Estacio and Councilors Mariano Erasga,
Reynaldo Aralar, Pedro Vital Jr., Felimon Gonzales, Remedios Paralejas, Lorenzo Barlinan,
Pedro San Felipe and Macario Cenidoza. Mayor Ynares remained unchallenged for 15 years
because no elections were held after President Ferdinand Marcos declared Martial Law in 1972.
Mariano Cervo was appointed Officer in Charge (OIC) of Binangonan under the Revolutionary
Government of President Corazon Aquino in 1986.
In the 1988 elections, Casimiro Ynares Jr. won by a landslide victory over the protégés
of the national leaders. Joaquin Mendoza was the vice mayor. The elected councilors were
Dr. Amos P. Callanta, Emiliana Rivera, Longino del Mundo, Ronaldo Cenidoza, Antonio Reyes
III, Mauricio A. Mixto Jr., Lorenzo Lirio, and Raul Miguel.
In 1992, in the first synchronized national and local elections that saw the fielding
of multi-party candidates, Isidro B. Pacis won over six mayoralty aspirants. The Sangguniang
Bayan was headed by Vice Mayor Amos Callanta with the following member-councilors: Raul
Antazo, Esmer Discimulacion, Manuel Barretto, Jaime Aragones, Reynaldo Punelas, Joulhlan
Aralar, Enrique Lirio and Arnel Chulvo. Joulhlan Aralar was the first independent candidate
to clinch a slot in the Municipal Council. Mayor Isidro Pacis was reelected in 1995.
Also reelected were Vice Mayor Callanta along with Councilors Reynaldo Punelas, Manuel Barretto,
Jaime Aragones, Joulhlan Aralar and Esmer Discimulacion. Newly elected councilors were
Allan Sunglao, Rhoniel Rivera and Mar S.J. Cenidoza.
Cesar M. Ynares was elected in 1998 by an overwhelming majority vote against incumbent
Mayor Isidro B. Pacis and Raul A. Miguel was elected as vice mayor. Elected councilors
were Alfredo O. Cenidoza, Esmeraldo A. Discimulacion, Allan D. Sunglao, Reynaldo C. Dela Cuesta,
Jaime A . Aragones, Ian P. Cervo, Joulhlan Aralar, and Miguel P. Manuson. Councilors
Jaime Aragones, Esmer Discimulacion, and Joulhlan Aralar were the first Councilors who were
elected for their third and final term. In 2001, Cesar M. Ynares was reelected against
former Mayor Isidro B. Pacis. Also reelected was Raul A. Miguel as vice mayor along with
Councilors Alfredo C. Ceñidoza, Allan D. Sunglao, Newly elected councilors were Jane
Z. Apostadero, Cresencio M. Ojoy, Donato O. Paralejas, Ruben M. Patag, Domingo C. Francisco
and Gilderaldo D. Antiporda. The year 2004 proved to be another victorious
year for Cesar M. Ynares who was the sole candidate for mayoralty seat. He was again
re-elected together with Raul A. Miguel as vice mayor along with Councilors Jane Z. Apostadero,
Crisencio M. Ojoy, Alfredo C. Ceñidoza, Donato Paralejas, Ruben M. Patag and Gilderaldo D.
Antiporda, newly elected councilor was Mr. Cecilio M. Ynares.
In 2007, Cecilio M. Ynares was elected against Brgy. Captain Manuel Reyes of Brgy. Lunsad.
Former Administrator Reynaldo dela Cuesta was elected as vice mayor. Re-elected councilors
were Jane Z. Apostadero, Cresencio M. Ojoy, Donato Paralejas, Ruben Patag, Gilderaldo
Antiporda, Napo Mesa and newly elected councilors were Ruben Magdalena and Rodel Cerrero.===Mayors during the American period===
Jose G. Ynares – (1901–1905) First appointed executive of the municipality in 1901 and
elected President the following year. Manuel Y. Ison – (1906–1907) He raised
funds for the construction of the first municipal building.
Clemente Antiporda – (1908–1912) During his term, a permanent municipal building was
constructed. Antonio Sisante – (1913–1915) His achievement
was the construction of three artesian wells. Lorenzo Flores – (1916–1922) Roads and
bridges were built and the old market was repaired during his term.
Valentin Antazo – (1922–1928) He purchased the present Binangonan Central Elementary
School site; built the H.E. Building and the Puericulture Center for the Women’s Club.
Julio Antiporda – (1928–1936) He planned the establishment of a public market in Pila-pila.===Mayors during Japanese period===
Felix Katipunan — (1936–1942) He built roads and artesian wells and added rooms to
the municipal building. Emerenciano M. Unida — (1942–1945) He was
the deputy mayor when Katipunan got ill. He supplied starving residents with foods and
worked for the release of captured Filipinos. Juan Jerusalem — (1945) He took over as mayor
after Unida’s death. He was shot in the Rizal Cement Compound before the combined American
and Filipino troops liberated the country.==Climate==
Binangonan features a tropical monsoon climate with a short dry season and a prolonged wet
season. The dry season runs from January through April while the wet season covers the remaining
eight months of the year. Binangonan is consistently hot throughout the year, usually reaching
its highest temperatures just before the onset of the monsoon. The town’s coolest temperatures
are typically experienced at night during the earliest portions of the dry season. Temperatures
are relatively constant throughout the year with the average high of about 31 °C (88
°F) and an average low of about 23 °C (73 °F).==Educational institutions==
Binangonan has many public and private schools, including:
Child’s Place Developmentally Appropriate Program SchoolICCT Colleges
Vicente Madrigal National High School Guronasyon Foundation Inc. National High School
Genesis De Rizal School Rizal National Science High School
Southwell School Tres Niños School Inc==Health institutions==
Binangonan Municipal Hospital, Barangay Libis Binangonan Lakeview Hospital, Barangay Tagpos
Brgy. Health Centers in 40 barangays Pag-asa Hospital, Brgy. Pag-asa
Margarito A. Duavit Memorial Hospital – RPHS, Binangonan (Annex)
St. Bernard Infirmary and Multi-Specialty Clinic, Barangay Pantok==Cultural properties====Notable people==
Joseph Marco, actor, model and singer Gloc-9, rap artist, musician, songwriter==References====External links==
Official Website Child Jesus of Prague School Binangonan Official
Website Binangonan Rizal
Philippine Standard Geographic Code Philippine Census Information
Local Governance Performance Management System