DIY Water Well Drilling – 5 Things You NEED To Know First!

DIY Water Well Drilling – 5 Things You NEED To Know First!

If you’re thinking about drilling a well
you need to do some basic groundwork first. The first thing you need to do is, you need to go out and find if it’s even legal where you are. A lot of places have made it illegal or there’s a lot of restrictions that you have to comply with, and so you need to know what those are before you even start buying materials to start drilling your well. To do this go to your local courthouse tell them you’re looking to drill your own well on your own property. I emphasize that because the rules to drill a well for someone else are often different from the rules to drill a well
for yourself on your own land. So go there tell them you want to go
your own well on your own property. What are the rules? They’ll tell you. There may be a long sheet of rules. There may be nothing at all. Usually you’ll have something you’ll have to
comply with. Some places you’ll have to be inspected by an inspector; some places the inspector will have to watch you case. Sometimes he’ll have to be there for the entire drilling process. Sometimes it’s just a weird set of rules you have to follow. You may have to be 18 feet or 50 feet or 10 feet or whatever down, have an 18-inch hole
an 8-inch hole or 5-inch hole. Just find out what it is in your area;
it’s going to be different everywhere. The next question is “what kind of soil are you going to have a drill through?” because what kind of soil you have to drill
through is going to determine what kind of drill you use, how much time it’s going to
take, and that kind of thing. So while you’re at the courthouse go
there and ask for the well logs in your area. Well logs are required to be kept by
well drillers so that you have a record of all the wells that have been drilled in a
local area. You can request these; they’re public record. They’ll give you an idea where they hit rock or water at certain levels or deeper. They will give you idea where they hit sand,
so it’s a good source of information. Now these records are not gospel because
they have no real reason to have them be perfect. All they really care about is seeing something written down, so they make stuff up sometimes but it’s an idea; it’s a place to start. Now the other thing you’re going to need
to know is how deep you’re going to have to drill. You can find out some of this from the well logs,
but there again, they don’t really know where the water
is when they start drilling down there. They say hit water at a certain depth,
but they really can’t tell. They sound like they can, but they really can’t. When you have a soil that has mud in it, soil that has a good source of water, and soil that’s just a solid rock, it feels a little bit different when you’re drilling,
but not that much. Most well drillers are interested in getting a
couple hundred feet down where they have tons of water, hit the aquifer, and get out of
there. They get paid by the foot. So when you’re trying to drill your own
well, you don’t need to go that deep, and so you may not need to go as deep as
they go, but again this is a place to start. The better way of finding how deep you
need to drill is to find local people, neighbors, that have wells in your area.
Hopefully you’ll have a neighbor or two that will let you come over and drop a
float down their well with a string attached so you’ll be able to measure
how far it is to the first water you hit. You see, well drillers, they’re not interested in the first water; they want to get down deep to the aquifer. So they’re wanting to get a lot of extra water down there from a certain level and again they’re getting paid by the foot so it’s to their advantage to go deeper even they don’t need to. So while you’re drilling your well, you
may run across very good water at 50 feet down. You don’t have to go to 200 feet. Just because your neighbor did, it doesn’t mean you do. What matters is where
the first water level is. So if you drop a float into someone’s well,
and it bounces at, say, 45 feet, that’s where you’re going to hit water,
somewhere in that neighborhood. Now if your neighbor’s up on a hill
and you’re down in the valley, you’re probably going to be shallower than they are. On the other hand, if they’re down in the valley and you’re up on the hill, then you’re going to be deeper than that,
but again it’s a place to start. You’ll never know until you actually do
it, but it’s a place to start. And so you’ll be able to figure out what you
need, what your ballpark is. Next you need to find out how
much water you really need. Your average household and your average small farm is going to be just fine with a 4-inch well. If you get deep enough down so that you have a good
enough water supply, you don’t need anything bigger than that.
And that’s by far the easiest one to drill or have drilled. If you start going bigger, to a 6-inch casing, and you’ll get a little more water standing in the well, but you won’t really get any more water coming in. In other words, you have a column
of water in your well at all times. Let’s say you hit water at 45 feet, you drill down to 65 feet, so you have a 20-foot column of water in your well. When you kick your pump on, it’s going to start sucking that water down out of the column before it starts pulling in water from the outside edge. The bigger the pipe is, the larger that standing
column of water is, and the larger your draw down capability (that’s what the
term is). When you have a bigger casing you get more draw down, but you don’t really get any more coming in from outside. So once you draw down that 20 or 30 gallons actually being held in the well at all times… A bigger casing doesn’t really help you pull
in more water from the outside very much. So a 4-inch well will pull in almost as much water as a 6-inch well. It’ll just allow you to put a bigger pump in. So it’s a lot easier to go another 20 feet deeper and get more water in your well than it is to make a bigger casing, usually. So, again, find out what your needs are.
If you’re typical — if you have a house and a small farm, maybe just a little bit of irrigation on
the side, you don’t need more than a 4-inch well. If you’re going to have much bigger than that, then, yeah, you should go for the 6-inch or drill 2 or 3 wells. Finally the question is how much time
and how much money do you have? Because this is going to determine how
you get your well drilled. If you have money coming out your ears and no time, then just go to the yellow pages call a local well driller and say, “hey I’ll give you ten grand to come drill me a well”. And call it done, and that’s a day. If you, however, are like most of us and you
don’t have that kind of money to throw around then you need to decide how much money you have and how much time you have. If you have some time to invest, some labor to invest, and you don’t have a whole lot of money, and your well will be very shadow like
maybe 30 feet or so, then you can try any of the methods I’ve outlined in my other videos about drilling a hand-dug well, driving a well point, or jetting a well.
And those work fine. if you’re going to go a little bit deeper than that, then you should consider the well drill
that I sell on my website which you can see at and it allows you to go up to 200 feet deep and is a lot less expense than having a professional do it for you. If you’re having to drill through a lot of rock,
I would not recommend my system. I’d recommend one of the auger kind
like the Hydro Drill or Deep Rock systems. But these are the questions you need to ask yourself before you start drilling, before you spend any money. Is it legal? How deep do I have to go?
What kind of soil will I be drilling through? How much water do I need? and
How much time and money can I afford to invest in this? That’ll help you make your decision.

7 thoughts on “DIY Water Well Drilling – 5 Things You NEED To Know First!

  1. Rules are there for a reason, water is one thing, potable water is completely different.I have followed you for several years on you tube and I must say this is the worst video that you ever put out. Your good at gold but when it comes to drilling a well,,,,,,, I have not seen a video yet! The only reason that I am so harsh that I AM IN THE INDUSTRY OF DRILLING WATER WELLS, Have a nice day.

  2. oddly enough I'm about to drill my first well, most wells in my area are costing around 20,000.
    thanx for posting

  3. Why don't you put your money where your water is?
    This video could have been a DEMONSTRATION of your product.

  4. The research tips are helpful. I will check on well logs and local neighbors. I appreciate your honest information and knowledge.

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