Home Improvements : Types of Electrical Wiring in Houses

Home Improvements : Types of Electrical Wiring in Houses


Hi I’m Tim Gipson and I’m going to talk to
you about the different types of electrical wiring in your house. Now all your main power
comes in through your panel such as this. Now depending on the type of outlets or the
type of things that you are powering in your house you have different types of wiring so
when you look at large appliances such as your stove, a range, or a dryer that take
a lot of electricity you are going to have a larger amperage. For instance your dryers
would typically run off of 220 which is a higher voltage that is a 220 volt versus your
110 voltage so a couple of things come into play on your dryer. With a dryer you are going
to have a higher amperage circuit breaker so in this case we have got two 30 amp circuit
breakers that are running that and you are also going to have a much heavier gage wiring
that goes into that so typically that is going to be a 10 gage or a 12 gage wiring so it
is a really heavy gage wiring that goes back and has three heavy conductors or four conductors
to it. Now the next thing you have is you have your 20 and 15 amp circuits, 20 and 15
amp circuits are what run your lights and you outlets. Your 15 amps are typically going
to be in a 14 gage or a 16 gage wiring where your 20 amps are going to be in a 12 gage
wiring an the heavier and basically the heavier gage the wiring then the more electricity
is able to flow through that circuit. Now as far as other wiring you might find in your
house is you might find something like this white wiring which is a low voltage. This
is typically a 12 volt system that is used to run low voltage wiring to run your wiring
between your smoke detectors and then also wiring for your alarm system and as you can
see it is very narrow and it is typically a very light gage such as a 20 or to a 24
gage wiring which is a very thin wiring. So I’m Tim Gipson and that is different types
of wiring in your house.

31 thoughts on “Home Improvements : Types of Electrical Wiring in Houses

  1. that makes no sense. if your getting 220-240 at 2phase then what are you getting if you measure across the 2 phases? How do you get 408 in a 3 phase when your just getting 220 between each phase. you should be getting 408-410 between each phase and 110 between each phase and neutral. correct me if im wrong

  2. oops, i made an error, i ment to say we get 120 volts at one and two phase , 240 volts at one phase and 3 phase voltage verrys depending on what it is beeing used for

  3. Would not listen to anyone WHO GOT A PWRBAR hook into a panel..

    DONT USE A 16 gauge wire on wiring on a 15A circuit!!! Jezus,,U WANT A FIRE????

  4. @b3in
    Technically, 16 ga wire IS rated for 15 amps. So is 14ga for 20 amps, and 12ga for 30 amps…its just that in the code book the size is increased up one scale for extra safety.

  5. Hi Mr Eletrical Pro =)
    I'm intalling a double oven that requires at least a 40amp outlet. Right now I have a 8 guage black, white, and ground electrical line for a 50amp line. would you be able to show us Youtubers how to install a 50 amp breaker or 240volt using just the black, white, and ground. Also on the outlet end how to add a red line to accept the 4 prong outlet. thanks very much.

  6. American electrics!! Its amazing how different to English electrics it is, I Know its different voltages etc,Do u guys have stringent tests you carry out on the installation?

  7. WHAT ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT? MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND ELECTRICAL WIRING FIRST BEFORE YOU COMMENT ON IT, LEAVE IT TO THE PROFFESIONALS.. OK. ELECTRICITY CAN BE DANGEROUS IF NOT SIZED/ WIRED PROPERLY.

  8. WHAT ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT? MAKE SURE YOU UNDERSTAND ELECTRICAL WIRING FIRST BEFORE YOU COMMENT ON IT, LEAVE IT TO THE PROFFESIONALS.. OK. ELECTRICITY CAN BE DANGEROUS IF NOT SIZED/ WIRED PROPERLY, I SEE A BUNCH OF VIOLATIONS IN THIS VIDEO.

  9. you die hard union guys are rejects. You guys couldn't survive on a real job. You have no idea what a real workday consists of without having to get your job stuart do all your dirty work. I work for a rat company why do you think they call us in to do the shitty jobs you guys dont want to take keep doing it I'll always get more overtime fixing your companys fuck ups. DIE HARD UNION hater, not all union hands are bad but 90 percent are.

  10. @maltyful For air conditioning circuits, it is actually possible to have 14 gauge wire on a 30 amp breaker. This is because an air conditioner falls under hermetic compressors and the overcurrent protection must accept the inrush current, while the branch circuit conductors must be only sized to accept the running current. Common practice is to size the wire to the breaker, but in air conditioning circuits, this is above minimum code. I'm not sure what the NEC is, but that's how the CEC is.

  11. @maltyful For air conditioning circuits, it is actually possible to have 14 gauge wire on a 30 amp breaker. This is because an air conditioner falls under hermetic compressors and the overcurrent protection must accept the inrush current, while the branch circuit conductors must be only sized to accept the running current. Common practice is to size the wire to the breaker, but in air conditioning circuits, this is above minimum code. I'm not sure what the NEC is, but that's how the CEC is.

  12. @archeryman5000 I can't tell that to him, I haven't looked at the installation. Nothing is cut and dry in electrical, and every situation is different. What was the running amps of the air conditioner? Was it #14 copper or aluminum?

  13. @crookcirca80 I was talking about the #14 wire on a 30 amp breaker. A lot of guys misread the hermetic section because they do not read all the applicable sections, #14 is limited to 15 amps in all residential branch circuits.

  14. so… there is an electrician, who is trying to explain home wiring with a power strip streached through the air?

  15. Electricity voltage ranges from 110-125v, and for other countries it ranges from 220-250v thinking that the 15-30v difference is a big mistake, especially when playing with Alternating Current Vs Direct Current

  16. Wow! I have found another great video on your channel. Thank you for these great insights. I am always curious to know everything. This has helped me a lot and I feel much more aware now. It is a great thing that you are sharing your knowledge on this platform. Keep up the good work!

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