Repair and Touch Up For Pros – Sherwin-Williams

[music playing] Even if the wall
you’re about to paint is brand new, there may be a few imperfections
that require repair, depending on project standards
and the trades involved. You may not be responsible
for repairing those imperfections but when repairs are needed it’s good to know
these common best practices. For small dents or gouges
in the drywall, you’ll need a retractable
razor knife, 220 grit sandpaper spackle or joint compound,
putty knife and a clean cloth. Start by cutting away
any loose drywall face paper. Then lightly sand the area
so no rough paper edges remain. Wipe it clean. If the area is less
than one eighth inch in diameter use spackling compound
to make the repair. For larger denser scrapes
joint compound is a better choice. Either way load your putty knife
and draw it across the damaged area at a 90-degree angle. Repeat once or twice
to fill the dent and feather off excess compound. Allow the compound
to dry completely. Because the compound
typically shrinks, a second or third coat
is needed to create a level surface. Sand lightly between each coat
and before you paint sand the surface smooth
with very fine grit sandpaper and wipe it clean. Because joint compound is porous you should prime
the repaired area before painting. Otherwise the sheen and shade
of the touch-up paint may not match
the rest of the wall. Cracks are also common,
even in relatively new drywall. As the home settles
or wood framing dries cracks may appear
below windows or above doors. To repair a crack you’ll need
a retractable razor knife, joint compound, putty knife,
fine grit sandpaper and mesh tape. It’s not enough to just smear
joint compound along the crack because the crack
will just come back. Instead cut a thin v-shaped groove
along both sides of the crack fill it with joint compound, let
the compound dry and sand it smooth. Next place mesh tape over the crack
and apply joint compound. Feathering it onto the wall. Two or three coats may be needed. Each time, feathering the material eight to ten inches
on either side of the crack. When the compound
is dry and sanded smooth you’re ready to prime and paint. Popped nails or screws are
among the most common problems. To fix a popped nail, you’ll need
a hammer or electric drill, spackle compound,
one to two drywall nails or screws and fine grit sandpaper. Don’t just pound them back in
and fill the dent, instead press the panel firmly
against the stud and drive
a new nail or drywall screw an inch or so above the old one. If possible pull out the
popped nail. Fill both dimples
with spackling compound using the techniques you’ve seen. Adding coats, letting them dry
and sanding between coats. Drywall corners are
particularly vulnerable to damage as other trades come and go
during the construction process. To repair drywall corners,
you’ll need a 5-in-1 tool hacksaw, new length of corner bead cordless drill, metal file,
joint compound, putty knife and a drywall sander. If the metal corner bead
is only slightly dented, you can use a 5-in-1 tool to scrape
away any loose drywall material. Gently tap the damaged
metal section so it’s level or slightly below
the surface of the drywall. If necessary, re-secure it
with drywall screws or nails. Then apply joint compound, building up layers
to cover the corner completely. On the other hand,
if the metal bead is beyond repair you’ll have to cut out
the damaged section with a hacksaw. Then cut a new length of metal bead
to replace the section you removed, and secure it with four drywall
screws, two on each end. File off any rough edges. Apply two to three layers of
joint compound to conceal the bead. When dry, use a drywall sander to
restore a perfect 90-degree angle. Whether you’ve had to repair a
section of damaged drywall and repaint or scuffs have marred
the surface of the paint touch-ups are
among the most frequent call-backs in new residential construction. For a proper touch-up, you’ll need a small quantity
of the original paint, the original application tool and water or mineral
spirits for thinning. After the damaged section
has been repaired and primed, touch-up using
the same paint initially applied. It’s always a good idea
to save some of the original paint, so color and sheen
are an exact match. Reduce latex paint
with water by 5 to 10% or for oil-based paints,
reduce by the same percentage using the correct solvent. Touch up using
the original application method. For example, if the paint
was applied with a roller don’t touch up with a brush. If the wall was painted
with an airless sprayer spray a small quantity of paint
through your spray gun and save it for later use. If possible, try to do the touch up
when the temperature is similar to the original application. Temperature can affect
the final color of the touch up, with cooler temperatures actually
causing the shade to appear lighter than the rest of the wall. Last but not least, be patient. It takes time for paint to dry. So wait a couple of weeks
before determining if your touch-up is a success. So don’t let drywall, scuffs or
knicks spoil a perfect paint job. Instead use these guidelines
to make a perfect repair.

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